Thursday, January 23, 2020
Thomas Hardy and His Religious Beliefs Thomas Hardy was born into a very active Christian family. He was the son of Orthodox Christians who made sure that he regularly attended services. Many of Hardy's relatives were involved in the church. Some were members of the clergy and some were musicians at the local church. Hardy, a member of the Stinsford parish, taught a Sunday school class when he was a young man. He even had aspirations of becoming a member of the clergy himself. He became very familiar with the teachings of the Bible and even memorized the psalms. Because Hardy was exposed to such devout faith in his youth, he acquired this faith as well. From the period of 1840 to 1860, the "Oxford Movement", a spiritual movement involving extremely devout thinking and actions, began to spread to Dorset. The supporters of this movement believed in a God who is near to man and transcends the natural order of things. This movement helped to reinforce Hardy s faith. In the 1860's On the Origin of Species and Essays and Reviews became widely circulated. These works led to a q...
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
1. How has the global economic downturn, discussed in the opening profile and throughout this chapter, impacted jobs outsourcing in the BPO industry? The global economic downturn has impacted jobs outsourcing in the BPO industry as it has helped to be one of the largest job creators in India. Due to this, many companies had to increase their operations output and therefore employ more and more people to keep up with the expanding trend. One of the major impacts, being growth and maturity, had an effect on the BPO industry and contributed to the outsourcing companies and continued growth of the industry. The IT and BPO outsourcing boom created a huge impact in the Indian economy and it increased the IT salary, cost of living, real-estate price and eventually it increased the outsource cost for many companies. Job outsourcing seemed to be the only viable option as global economic downturn had created many problems when it came to funding and financial institutions. There needed to be cut backs in order to keep things afloat and most companies would see that job outsourcing would solve at least one of the many problems involved in the economic downturn. Not only does it mean that it will save companies in the US and UK money, by offloading jobs abroad for cheap labor, it also means that itÃ¢â¬â¢s giving countries like India and Philippines the opportunity that is needed to secure a faster growing economy and generating much needed jobs. The global economic downturn provided merges and many acquisitions for the BPO industry and helped to create certain flexibilities for some companies which helped with resource management. The main reason why the economic downturn has impacted on job outsourcing in a major way is because it is cost effective and helps companies concentrate on core areas. It also contributes to improvement in productivity 2. referring to this chapter and this case, discuss the general trends in the globalization of human capital. 3. What are the effects of the Indian government policies on the Indian BPO industry and on MNC decisions regarding locations for outsourcing jobsÃ 4. How does this case highlight the threats and opportunities facing global companies in developing their strategies?
Monday, January 6, 2020
What are your core values? My core values consist of the following: accomplishment, benevolent, determined, gallant, helpful, merciful, opportunity, optimistic, perseverance and vigorous. Where/how did you learn these values? I had learned these core values from my family, teachers/professors, peers and myself. While I was younger to the age I am now, I was shown how important it is to have strong characteristics that make you a person. Everything I had been through I had lost and gain some of the values along the way of my life. I will admit not all of these came at once; it took much time to see the importance of my life and progress whatÃ¢â¬â¢s left in it. Most of the time, when I was stuck IÃ¢â¬â¢d ask for advice and see how others gotÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A lot of these values can agree with the values in social work practice. By having a strong and positive outlook for myself will show me that I can work with those that are non-positive people and some that donÃ¢â¬â¢t see a direction and help them out. I might not know exactly how I will be able to do so right away, but if me and the client work together things can be done for the better. By see ing how I pushed myself can let me see how I can let others have a good outcome as well. For instance, looking at the dignity and worth of the person is going to have one of the strongest ways that a person seeking for help can change or get better for the best. In what areas do your values diverge from social work values? However, there are ways that my bias comes into play when it comes to social work values. When I think something is right, it might actually be wrong due to the values social work has. Once I learn to set my personal matters behind I actually could see what needs to be addressed. Since I am unaware of what all my biases are on top of my head, I still have time to learn about them and put them aside to help the client I am working with. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want the client to think that if I put my values into it, IÃ¢â¬â¢m not focusing on them when IÃ¢â¬â¢m there to help the client achieve after what needs done. If I think something is right with my values, it actually might not be the right way to handle a situation. Due to the values social workers have it shows us more ofShow MoreRelatedMy Core Values : Leadership, Openness, Respect, And Faith1425 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMy core values are leadership, openness, respect, com passion, equality and faith. The reading impacted these core values, because I learned as a social worker, you must occasionally take leadership. Openness is always important when working with individuals, families, groups, and communities of different backgrounds. Everyone deserves respect, and being that I will be working with individuals that are going through tough situations, I have to always have respect. Compassion is a must because I wantRead MoreHow College Composition Has Helped Me Grow Tremendously As A Writer1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestremendously as a writer. While I am still not where I want to be as a writer, Comp 1 has given me the push in the right direction that high school never did. When I was in high school I had about a month total of grammar over those 4 years so writing was not a big part of my life at that point. Due to that, I knew coming into Comp 1 that I would struggle to produce something worth reading at first. Through countless revisions and reflectio ns on each paper I have learned so much about the process ofRead MorePersonal Statement : My Core Values And My Pursuit Of A Master s Public Administration At Depaul University School868 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThrough my personal and work experiences, I have had an opportunity to develop and strengthen my core values. These core values are duty, resourcefulness, change, and commitment. In this reflection paper, I will first identify my core values as I currently see them, and provide information as to their background, third define my current career goals, and lastly, explain how these core values and my pursuit of a Master s in Public Administration at DePaul University School of Service call on to my currentRead MorePersonal Statement : My Core Values And My Pursuit Of A Master s Public Administration At Depaul University School868 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThrough my personal and work experiences, I have had an opportunity to develop and strengthen my core values. These core values ar e duty, resourcefulness, change, and commitment. In this reflection paper, I will first identify my core values as I currently see them, and provide information as to their background, third define my current career goals, and lastly, explain how these core values and my pursuit of a Master s in Public Administration at DePaul University School of Service call on to my currentRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Innovation1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslearn as much as on can about the nature of change, including how to embrace it and how to maximize positive changesÃ¢â¬ (Porter_ OÃ¢â¬â¢Grady Malloch,2016.p.4). It is important for a leader to understand her own philosophy of innovation and leadership to be effective in the workplace. In this course, I learned how to develop my philosophy of innovation and leadership, and how to create my own personal mission based on my ethics and core values to be effective DNP leader in the future. Personal philosophyRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Innovation1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslearn as much as on can about the nature of change, including how to embrace it and how to maximize positive changesÃ¢â¬ (Porter_ OÃ¢â¬â¢Grady Malloch,2016.p.4). It is important for a leader to understand her own philosophy of innovation and leadership to be effective in the workplace. In this course, I learned how to develop my philosophy of innovation and leadership, and how to create my own personal mission based on my ethics and core values to be effective DNP leader in the future. Personal philosophyRead MoreReflection Of Business Analysis1402 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslearn from past experiences. It is important to reflect and consciously think about how to do things better the next time. The Baldridge core values are an excellent baseline to use as a guide to understanding how effective the learning in the Business (BUS) 411 class. The BUS 411 class applied the Baldridge core values to learning in a fun and exciting method. However, reflection is needed to understand just how effective is the learning in the BUS 411 class. The GibbÃ¢â¬â¢s Reflective Cycle is an excellentRead MoreWhere Do I Go From Here?1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhere Do I Go From Here? Throughout this course, my knowledge about professional values and ethics in the field of Social Work has greatly increased. I have learned that values and ethics are crucial in succeeding in social work and helping a client overcome an issue. The National Association of Social Work (NASW) created the Code of Ethics, which professional Social Workers can refer to and know how to best handle a situation (2008). The text, From the front lines: Student cases in social workRead MoreMy Mission Statement : The Myers Briggs Type Indicator1450 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAwareness Paper My mission statement is to be a light and voice for Christ in a dark world. My core values, spiritual gifts, and my life experiences have all played an important role in forming my mission statement and who I am. My core values have given me an opportunity to make relationships with people because of God and my life growing up. Also, my spiritual gifts have given me another way to have a closer relationship with God. Lastly, my life experiences have changed the way I am as a personRead MoreMy Personal Statement On My Life1694 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesI think the people who will be there in my funeral will say something about my real experiences with them which will lead them to remember and describe some of my personal values that I practiced with them. The first value will be the Christian Faith which I practiced as much I could by attending the services at the church with my family, making my daughter attending the Sunday school, participating in the project of the hunger people, atte nding the bible study in the church, and dealing with people
Sunday, December 29, 2019
The violent video game Call of Duty, has a negative impact on society because people become obsessed with playing it which increases a personÃ¢â¬â¢s aggression levels. Violent video games become a distraction and deprive people of living a normal life because they become consumed in the game. Teenagers are affected the most because as they grow up it produces an emotional desensitization to aggression and violence. Call of Duty along with many other games effect people and warp their version of reality. In an article by Andrew Rosenblum he talks about how a professor did a study on media violence. The professor, Victor Strasburger, says in his study, Ã¢â¬Å"When youÃ¢â¬â¢re used to pointing a gun, whether in virtual reality or on a video screen, youÃ¢â¬â¢reÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A single cigarette wont cause lung cancer, but smoking over weeks or months or years greatly increases the risk. In the same way, repeated exposure to violent videogames may have a cumulative effect on aggression. The comparison he made between smoking and playing violent video games is a great way of representing how playing violent video games escalates a personÃ¢â¬â¢s aggression. Violent video games and many games in general also rob kids and adults of living life. Instead of going outside hiking, biking, or hanging out with friends at a coffee shop, young adults stay inside in their own virtual reality . If young adults stay inside playing games, they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to go out into the world and grow. Kids wonÃ¢â¬â¢t learn how to properly communicate with people and learn social skills. Video games are ultimately a distraction for kids. Kids wonÃ¢â¬â¢t focus on school or any responsibilities they might have all they can think about is their game. The game Call of Duty is probably one of the most popular first person shooting war game for this generation. Even though it is a popular game there are many reviews saying that the game is very violent. The summary of the game, Call of Duty WWII, talks about the violence and what the game entails. Ã¢â¬Å"This is a first-person shooter in which players assume the role of an American soldier through the Allied campaign in Europe during WWII. Players use machine guns, shotguns, rocket launchers, and explosives to kill enemyShow MoreRelatedThe Negative Impacts Of Violent Video Games1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe negative impacts that are associated with violent gaming are a growing list. These many negative effects could build up into a more serious situation, with all of the possible outcomes of these side-effects mixing together it could quite possibly take a turn for the worse. The use of violent video games could cause players to participate in criminal violence, because of the i ncreased levels of aggression and rage. NBC News reported of a gory incident in January of 2013, which involved NehemiahRead MoreVideo Games Violent Effect on Youth1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesafter losing a games in call of duty, and you are wondering why he is acting like this. What you might not realize is that it could be the violent video game affecting his behavior. The effects of violent video games in youth have devastating effects on them. These effects can range from violent behavior to acting out in school, and even possibly maybe even crime. The games you kids play could be more violent then you even know. Call of Duty, one of the leading first person shooter games, is all aboutRead MoreVideo Games Vs. Wii1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVideo Games have been around since the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s meant to entertain people, and to bring them into a fantasy world they have never been to before. However, they havenÃ¢â¬â¢t become popular until around the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s introducing arcade games in corner stores, console games like Nintendo, and computer games. The very first console introduced was the ATARI in 1977 which was about every childÃ¢â¬â¢s first console they ever played, and was around until the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s. Due to the popularity over video games beingRead MoreVideo Game Violence : Video Games892 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesVideo Game Violence On December 14, 2012, a twenty year old boy named Adam Lanza shot twenty children and six staff at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. Before arriving to the school, he shot his mother then committed suicide after the shooting. The reports say that he was influenced to shooting others by the video game Ã¢â¬Å"Call of DutyÃ¢â¬ . Video game violence is defined as a behavior including physical violence intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something impacted by videoRead MoreNegative Impact Of Video Games On Children1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNegative Impact Of Video Games When you look around these days, kids as young as five years old are holding their portable devices as their eyes are glued to their screens and their minds clueless about their surroundings. Increasing violence and contents of the video games have a huge impact on our generation of young children mentally and physically. When I was growing up, video games used to be a source connecting people around the world with their mutual love of fun filled games. However, overRead MoreThe Effects Of Video Games On The Society876 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesin Anderson Bushman 2001.a), the popularity of video games specially is rapidly increasing. Nonetheless, ferocious electronic games are an attraction of attention to children, teenagers, and even adults. In fact, in another U.S study by Butchman Funk (As Cited in Anderson Bushman 2001.b) on 4th grade students, three of every four boys and six out of every ten girls favour violent computer games. This essay will argue that violence in video gam es should be censored. For the purpose of this essayRead MoreThe Effects Of Video Games On The Society859 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAccording to a U.S Study by Rideout Et Al (As Cited in Anderson Bushman 2001.a), the popularity of video games is rapidly increasing. In a U.S study by Butchman Funk (As Cited in Anderson Bushman 2001.b), Around 60 percent of 4th grade girls prefer violent games and about 3 out of every 4 boys with a similar age also prefer ferocious ones. This essay will argue that violence in video games should be censored. For the purpose of this essay, violence can be defined as the physical force intendedRead MoreVideo Games Were Created In The 1970Ã¢â¬â¢S (Online Collection).1406 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVideo games were created in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s (Online Collection). Video games have created new experiences for many people and have provided many new jobs. In fact, video games have advanced rapidly over the years. Video games are disliked by many people because p eople believe video games cause violence or find them dangerous, however, researchers have not proven video games not to cause violence. For example, a video game discussed immensely over the past year is called PokÃ ©mon Go; it is believed to beRead MoreReal World Violence And Video Games1513 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesReal-World Violence and Video Games From news outlets, to politicians, to parents: when tragedies occur they place the blame on many different sources. After the Sandy Hook shooting, media networks fiercely debated whether or not video games played a part in the shooterÃ¢â¬â¢s motives, as he had played games from the notorious Grand Theft Auto series prior to the shooting. Some even suggested banning video games outright, despite the fact that other mediums that can portray violence, such as moviesRead MoreVideo Games Have Become Part Of The Social Norm For Kids Now Days1688 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVideo games have become part of the social norm for kids now days. Whether it be for educational purposes, sports, a way to take the edge off, or for just pure entertainment, games have evolved to simulate a real life feel. As video games have advanced, so have the graphics and objectives. Kids are not playing low bit games like Pong anymore, but rather games that look and feel like real life. When you pick up the control ler now, youÃ¢â¬â¢re entering a completely different world. Today, children are growing
Saturday, December 21, 2019
IMPACT OF WORK STRESS ON EMPLOYEESÃ¢â¬â¢ PRODUCTIVITY IN AN ORGANIZATION CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY There has been an increasing amount of talk about Ã¢â¬Å"employee stressÃ¢â¬ over the past decade. Quite what it is and how best to combat it are two aspects which are rather less-documented. Stress is a more subjective topic than most we have so far encountered. People may have widely differing views about its causes, impacts and, even, very existence. The workplace of the 21st century is a fast-paced, dynamic, highly stimulating environment which brings a large number of benefits and opportunities to those who work within it. The ever-changing demands of the working world can increase levels of stress, especially for thoseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦While work can provide people with structure, purpose, satisfaction, self-esteem and spending power, the workplace can also be a setting of stress and worry. According to Jungwee (2007), there is no single cause of work stress. While stress can be triggered by sudden, unexpected pressures, it is often the result of a combination of stressful factors which accumulate over time. Some people can become so used to the symptoms of excessive stress that it goes unnoticed to their detriment. Most work stress is related to management of work, relationships at work, organisational setup and whether you feel you have power and control in your work. The experience of stress is different for every person (Jungwee, 2007). Some people are affected more than others, so what is stressful for one person may not be stressful for another. It can depend on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality type and on how you have learned to respond to pressure. Stress is not always negative or harmful and indeed, the absence of stress is death. Luthans (1989) asserts that we all need some degree of stress to function normally. Thus, in his opinion, mild levels of stress may not be completely bad for employees as a means of enhancing their job performance. However, empirical studies carried out on the incidence of stress among Nigerian workers by Olugbile (1982); Asika andShow MoreRelatedThe Problem Of Employees Everyday Stress At Work1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesINTRODUCTION 250 We all deal with stress, and finding ways to inflict it may be the best investment you can do for yourself. A This essay is largely concern to inform the reader the problem of employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s everyday stress at work. According to Mujtaba (2009a, as cited by Mujtaba, Lara, King, 2010), stress is described as a response or a stimulus to any sort of stressor. Stress is a significant problem because it reduces a workerÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity and quality level in an organisation. Matin, Razavi EmamgholizadehRead MoreHow Poor Employees Attendance Impact On Organisations Performance And Employees Efficiency1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHow poor employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ attendance impact on organisationsÃ¢â¬â¢ performance and employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ efficiency? Introduction On average people are absent from work for 6.9 days a year in the UK according to CIPD (2014) so the purpose of this study is to understand how poor employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ attendance are impacting on different business sectors and how employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ performance is affected by not attending (CIPD 2014). This chapter will include the different reasons why employees are not attending to work and what are theRead MoreEmployment Relations : Employee Voice Can Lift Well Being And Productivity1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEssay: Assignment one 1001EHR Employment Relations Liza Armia s5014132 Tutor: Paula Mowbray ManagersÃ¢â¬â¢ encouragement of employee voice can lift well-being and productivity. Discuss. Throughout the last decade there has been a growing interest in the notion of employee voice, from both those seeking advanced levels of organisational performance and also from those who desire better systems of employee representations (Marchington, Dundon, Ackers, Wilkinson, 2004). There are several different meaningsRead MoreOrganizational Politics1574 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesother subversive and semi-legal actions. Power and politics play a huge role in organization, from governing how decisions are made to how employees interact with one another. One of the reason politics are exist in organization is some employees who do not believe in working hard depend on nasty politics to make their position secure at the workplace. Employees play politics simply to come in the limelight and gain undue attention and appreciation from the seniors. In other words, politics refersRead MoreOccupational Stress and Scientific Monitoring1518 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Occupational Stress and Scientific Monitoring A Research Outline Name Grade Course Tutors Name Date Table of Contents TOC o 1-3 h z u HYPERLINK l _Toc349820919 Abstract PAGEREF _Toc349820919 h 3 HYPERLINK l _Toc349820920 Occupational Stress and Scientific Monitoring PAGEREF _Toc349820920 h 4 HYPERLINK l _Toc349820921 A Research Outline PAGEREF _Toc349820921 h 4 HYPERLINK l _Toc349820922 Preliminary Title PAGEREF _Toc349820922 h 4 HYPERLINK l _Toc349820923 Aims and ObjectivesRead MoreMental Health : An Individual s Psychological And Emotional Wellbeing1411 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMental health refers to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological and emotional wellbeing (World Health Organisation, 2014). With over 25 million UK residents (Mental Health Foundation, 1999) spending a large majority of their time at work, it is important that concerns for a personÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare extend to the workplace. Every year mental health problems, including stress, anxiety and depression affect 1 in 6 British employees (Mental Health Foundation, 1999). Despite this, a Confederation of British Industry (CBI)Read MoreTaking a Look at Stress1745 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesStress is said to have existed throughout evolution. In most cases stress is debated with the perception that it is only associated with human beings. If we look at geography, the formation of the planets and everything existing in them is a result of stress in the fo rm of meltdown which happened over millions of years. Rivers are formed as a result of soil erosion when the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface is subject to stress by wind or running water. History talks of the transformations from the Stone Age to theRead MoreOccupational Stress, Employee s Health And Well Being, Ob Theories Essay1544 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The essay covers topics like occupational stress, employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s health well-being, OB theories (relevant to the above question), importance of overcoming work related stress, etc. It is widely recognised that healthy employees are happier and more productive at work. Experiencing stress at work decreases employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s health and affects their well being and eventually has an impact on the working of the firm or the organisation . Also, work related stress develops and increases the levels of anxietyRead MoreMonitoring and Survellaince of Employees642 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMonitoring and survellaince of employees Pro One of the key benefits of monitoring employee computer activity is maximising workplace productivity. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, most workers spend the majority of their time on their computers and on the Internet. This issue has great prevalence in modern society, as a recent survey found that one out of every eight American workers spend two or more hours per day writing and reading personal e-mails and using their work-based Internet connection for non-workRead MoreThere Are Many Factors In An Organisation That May Lead1727 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThere are many factors in an organisation that may lead to deviant workplace behaviour and such behaviour is not wanted, managers must generate strategies to reduce this behaviour within their organisations. The term, deviant workplace behaviour, is defined as behaviour, that is intentional, that violates important organisational models and while this is happening, it may be threatening the wellbeing of the organisation or its members (R obbins, Judge, Millett, Boyle, 2014, p. 21). A managerÃ¢â¬â¢s best
Friday, December 13, 2019
The link between sleep and academic performance: Inadequate sleep is synonymous with the college experience, but how does recurring lack of sleep impact academic performance? It is recommended that adults aged 18-25 acquire a minimum of seven hours of sleep per night. This question is important as lack of sleep is something that is common in college. Many students are unable to get the recommended amount of sleep per night due to a variety of reasons such as familial obligations, homework, studying, work outside of school, etc. We will write a custom essay sample on Sleep and Academic Performance in College Students or any similar topic only for you Order Now If we can get a better understanding on this topic and find whether lack of sleep negatively impacts academic performance, we can potentially aid students in boosting their GPAÃ¢â¬â¢s if necessary. Previous Research Ã¢â¬Å"Sleep Difficulties and Academic Performances in Norwegian Higher Education StudentsÃ¢â¬ (Hayley, Vedaa, ; Overland, 2017) and (Hayley et al., 2017) The researchers in this study sought to find the links between sleep difficulties and academic performance in Norwegian higher education students. To do this, they assessed 12,915 students by administering a large student survey for a month, using the Hopkins symptoms checklist. They found that having issues falling and staying asleep was linked to higher chances of failing tests and impacted studying ability. This provides support to my hypothesis that sleep directly impacts sleep acquired. If studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ ability to study is hurt because of poor quality of sleep, that then hurts their grades overall. Ã¢â¬Å"The effects of sleep on academic performance and job performanceÃ¢â¬ (Chiang, Arendt, Zheng, Hanisch, 2014) and (Chiang et al., 2014) The researchers wanted to find the effects sleep has on job and academic performance. They tested this by having 172 college students answer an online questionnaire and then asked for them to provide their transcripts. The researchers then compared these participantsÃ¢â¬â¢ answers to their GPAÃ¢â¬â¢s and looked at the data by using a T-Test. They found that there was no significant relationship between sleep and performance, but that variables related to sleep did have an influence on semester GPA (variables such as sleep latency and sleep medicine). This relates to my question and hypothesis as it directly studies the impact of sleep on grades. While this study did not find a strong correlation between the two, certain sleep variables were found to have an impact on GPA, which still supports my hypothesis that sleep has an impact on grades. Ã¢â¬Å"Sleep Quality and Academic Performance in University Students: A Wake-Up Call for College PsychologistÃ¢â¬ (Gilbert Weaver, 2010) The researchers wanted to find if college studentÃ¢â¬â¢s experiencing sleep deprivation/ bad sleep were performing lower academically. They conducted their research by assessing 557 Intro to Psych students through various tests: a demographic survey (with certain questions asking about academic history), Goldberg Depression Inventory, and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index. Those who scored high on the Goldberg Depression Inventory were then eliminated from the study to prevent their scores from skewing the data as depression could be a cause of low academic performance, not poor-quality sleep. They chose to test the participants a month after school had began to give the students time to develop a sleeping pattern. Data collection was planned out so that holidays and breaks would not interfere with the data. Questionnaires were completed at the end of each Intro to Psych class they attended. The main findings were that sleep did influence grades. This study strongly supports my hypothesis as it is one of the only studies found that covers what IÃ¢â¬â¢m looking for that also excludes students with depression. Depression is known to disturb sleep and excluding those with depression helps to eliminate other variables aside from poor sleep in what could cause lower academic performance. Ã¢â¬Å"Sleep and Academic Performance in Undergraduates: A Multi-Measure, Multi-Predictor ApproachÃ¢â¬ (Gomes, Tavares de Azevedo, 2011) and (Gomes et al., 2011) The researchers sought to determine if sleep variables were indicators of academic performance in college students. 1654 full-time students took part in a sleep-wake questionnaire that questioned participants about their sleeping habits, their academic history, their lifestyle, etc. They were also tested using the Eysenck Personality Inventory to determine neuroticism and extroversion. Another test used was Composite Morningness that measured chronotype. Students were also asked to provide their transcripts. The researchers found that in contrast to the students who had passed their classes the year prior, those who had failed were found to go to sleep later than their counterparts. Those with earlier sleep/wake cycles also had higher GPAÃ¢â¬â¢s. This study focused on finding if sleep predicted academic performance, which is the focus of my current study. This relates to my hypothesis as the findings strongly support my hypothesis that sleep is a strong influence of academic performance. Ã¢â¬Å"The Role of Sleep in Predicting College Academic Performance: Is It a Unique Predictor?Ã¢â¬ (Taylor, Vatthauer, Bramoweth, Ruggero ; Roane, 2013) and (Taylor et al., 2013) The researchers wanted to find what was the predictability of academic performance when using sleep in combination of non-sleep variables. 867 college students were asked to complete a questionnaire packets and journal their sleep for a week. The packets asked questions concerning family background, marijuana usage, and alcohol usage. Participants were also asked to give researchers consent to access their transcripts from their schools. In addition, high school GPA, standardized test scores, gender, and academic rank were all variables researchers chose to look at as well. The main findings of this study were that there was a significant correlation between GPA and sleep. It was found that sleeping later, waking up later, and frequency in naps were correlated with lower academic performance. While this looked at other variables in addition to sleep, it was found that later sleep time was linked to lower GPA. This relates to my study as it supports my hypothesis that the amount of sleep one acquires does impact oneÃ¢â¬â¢s GPA. Rationale and Current Study The findings that occurred most often were that even if other variables were taken into consideration, the amount of sleep an undergraduate acquires is found to impact their GPA. The gap in previous research my study may address is excluding those with depression from this sleep study, like one of the studies did. As depression can impact academic performance and cause disturbances in sleep, it is important to exclude those who have a history of depression from this study as it can skew results. Our participants will be those who have completed at least two semesters of college. The current study will be conducted by administering an in-depth questionnaire through Facebook that will ask participants to answer some of the following: what year in school they are, what range their GPA has been each semester theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve attended college, how many hours of sleep they estimate on average they get per week, and an estimate on how much sleep they got each semester. I hypothesize that inadequate sleep negatively impacts academic performance. How to cite Sleep and Academic Performance in College Students, Papers